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Born about 1789 in North Carolina
Died 25 April 1875 in Georgia

To list of namesHome link to main Holland lineMain Holland line link to Absalom's branchEnos' branch  link to Absalom's branchEli's branch  link to Absalom's branchWoodard's branch  link to Absalom's branchJesse's branch link to Absalom's branchCurtis' branch link to Absalom's branchAbsalom's branch  link to Absalom's branchElisha's branch  link to Warren's branchWarren's branch link to Absalom's branchExum's branch link to West's branchWest's branch link to Green's branchGreen's branch   link to Green's branchCandace's branch  To list of namesList of names

You can go directly to any of Elisha's or Enos' children through these links:

Elisha Holland's children with wife Patience Watkins:  Elisha Holland's children with wife Patience Peacock:  Enos Holland's children
1.  Enos Holland (this page)
2.  Eli Holland
3.  Woodard D. Holland
4.  Jesse Holland
5.  Bryant Holland
6.  Curtis Holland
7.  Absalom Holland
8.  Elisha Holland
9.  Warren Holland
10.  Ave (Nancy) Holland
11.  Exum Holland
12.  Jinnett Holland
13.  Ginsey Holland
14.  West Holland
15.  Green Holland
16.  Candace Holland
17.  Needham Gray Holland
1.  Eson (Eason) Holland
2.  Bright Holland
3.  Benjamin Holland
4.  Alvin Holland
 

Enos Holland was born about 1789 in Wayne County, North Carolina.  He died 25 April 1875 at age 85, in Colquitt County, Georgia, where he lived in his later life.  Reconstructing the life of Enos Holland has been a challenge in spite of extensive military, census, and other records, made difficult by the many locals in which events occurred.  Enos lived and left records in different parts of North Carolina, Alabama, and Georgia throughout his long life.  His father Elisha wrote in his will in 1833, "I give and bequeath unto Enos Holland one dollar and my greatcoat and best hat if he comes after it."  That commentary by his father on Enos not spending much time at home was made when Enos was barely half way through his lifespan. 

All censuses prior to 1850 listed the name of the head of household only and the number of individuals living within that household, sorted by age, gender and race categories.  Elisha Holland's household in the 1800 census of Wayne County, North Carolina consisted of 4 male children ages 10 or under, 1 male between the ages of 10 and 16, 1 male between 26 and 45, and 1 female between 26 and 45. The female would be Patience Watkins, Elisha's wife and Enos' mother; the male between ages 26 and 45 would be Elisha; the one male between ages 10 and 16 would be Enos, born about 1789, making him 11 in 1800; and the four males under 10 years old would be Eli, Woodard, Jesse, and Bryant, born about 1792, 1794, 1795, and 1797, respectively.

Enos is listed in the Wayne County, North Carolina, census of 1810 as head of family with one daughter.  He would have been about 21 years old at that time.  His wife, we know from his military record, was Patsy Mitchell.  I don't know what became of her or his daughter.  In his military record, Enos states they were married in North Carolina on 28 January 1810. 

Enos served twice in the War of 1812 against England. He was drafted at Waynesboro in Wayne County, North Carolina, on 18 June 1812, and served from September 1812 until February 1813.  He detached from 6th Company, 2nd Regiment of the Militia of North Carolina.  On 1 October 1814, Enos was again on Muster Rolls of the soldiers of the War of 1812, substituting for Jacob Peacock for a six-month term.  He served for four months and six days before being honorably discharged at Camp Portsmouth, Virginia, on 6 February 1815.  His military records may be seen in the Public Records section of this web site.  One of the important things they tell us is about Enos' first marriage.  He states on his military records that his wife was Patsy Mitchell and that they were married in North Carolina 28 January 1810.2  This information is consistent with the 1810 census of Wayne County.  

Between his two tours of service in the War of 1812, Enos appears on the Johnston County, North Carolina,  Taxables list in 1813.5   Listed In Captain Cullen Talton's district are Elisha Holland, 350 acres, no polls; Enos Holland, 1 poll; and Eli Holland, 1 poll.  In 1817, in Capt. John Gearrald's District are Elisha Holland, 350 acres, no polls; and Eli Holland, 1 poll (Wayne County).  In 1819, in Capt. Jesse Grice's District are  Elisha Holland, 175 acres, no poll; and Eli Holland, 175 acres, no poll (Wayne County).  These poll lists suggest to me that Enos, who was in Johnston and Wayne Counties through 1813, may have gone to Georgia by 1817 since he does not appear on the poll tax list with his father Elisha and brother Eli, as he did in 1813.  To further substantiate this idea, by 1819 it is clear that Elisha, who was close to 55 years old by this time had given half his land -- 175 acres -- to his son Eli.

In trying to recover the life of Enos, it helps to look at his life in the context of his brother Eli.  Enos and Eli were born about 1789 and 1792, respectively.  We know from Eli's 'life story' that he wrote for The Primitive Baptist in 1842, that he went to Jefferson County, Georgia, in January 1816. (This article is reproduced in the Stories section of this web site.) Eli returned to North Carolina in the fall of the same year and married Edith Hood in December 1816.  He remained in North Carolina until around 1847-49.  It is conceivable that Enos went to Georgia at or about the same time as his brother Eli. 

There is a marriage record for Enos Holland and Susan Brown on 6 March 1820, in Jefferson County, Georgia.77   Whether that is a marriage of the Enos who is son of Elisha Holland and Patience Watkins is uncertain.  Perhaps Enos accompanied Eli to Georgia, or joined him there, but did not return to North Carolina until after he married in 1820.   Like Eli, Enos could have gone to Georgia, come back to Johnston County, North Carolina, and settled there for years before returning to Georgia. 

The Wayne County, North Carolina Deed Book 13 records, on 30 July 1821, the transfer of part of a tract of land patented by John  Holland on 15 September 1785, from Uriah Peacock to Enos Holland. Uriah Peacock was the father of Patience Peacock, who became Enos' step-mother in 1806 after the death of his mother.4  We know Enos was in Johnston County in 1822, as least long enough to serve as bondsman for his brother Elisha's marriage to Elizabeth Holland on 26 March 1822.  

On the other hand, the Enos of the 1820 marriage record in Georgia may be a different Enos Holland from the one who was the son of Elisha and Patience.  Holland was a common name and Enos was not an unusual first name at that time.  There was an Enos Holland listed on the census for Nansemond County, Virginia, for example, in 1850 (Image 405, roll M432_962, page 205).  

Enos Holland is listed in the 1830 census of Johnston County, North Carolina (page 97).  At that time, his household consisted of 

1 male between the ages of 30 - 40 (Enos at age 39 or 40), 
1 male between age 5 -10 (presumably his son Enos), 
and one female between ages 20 - 30 (presumable his wife Patsy Mitchell). 

Other Holland head-of-households listed on the same page as Enos on the 1830 Johnston County, North Carolina census (page 97) are the following: 

William Holland, 
C______ (female), 
Eli Holland, 
Bryan (Bryant) Holland, 
Curtis Holland, 
Jesse Holland, 
Thomas Holland 

This census information makes it appear very likely that the Enos Holland listed is the son of Elisha and Patience since he is living near his brothers Eli, Bryant, Curtis, and Jesse.  Enos is not in the 1820 or 1840 census for Johnston or Wayne Counties.  There is an Enos Holland in Orange County, North Carolina, in 1840.

An Enos Holland and wife Susan are on the 1850 Census of Thomas County, Georgia.  This is probably the same Enos and Susan of the marriage record noted above, and may or may not be the Enos of Elisha and Patience, even though they are listed on the census as being born in North Carolina.  Many North Carolinians moved to Georgia, including Hollands, and not all Hollands in North Carolina were in this family. 

The 1850 Federal Census of Thomas County, Georgia, included all or part of the modern counties of Brooks, Colquitt, Grady, Thomas and Worth. The abstract below includes only those persons who the census taker recorded as being born in the state of North Carolina. The researcher who desires additional information should consult the National Archives microfilm #432, roll 83, and locate the household number provided.  

    Name Age Sex Occupation Household number
    Holland, Enos 59 M Farmer 45
    Holland, Susan 49 F 45
    Holland, Enos 29 M Farmer 45
    Holland, Elizabeth 25 F 45
    Holland, Sarah 10 F 45
    Holland, Mary 8 F 45
    Holland, Eli 58 M P. B. Minister 47
    Holland, John T. 28 M Farmer 4939

The Enos Holland who married Susan is also found on the 1860 census of Thomas County, Georgia, living next door to Alvin Holland.  Both Enos and Alvin were blacksmiths.36   If the Enos of the 1820 marriage record was a different person from Enos, son of Elisha and Patience, then the Enos and Susan who appear on the Georgia census in 1850 and 1860 were no doubt the Enos and Susan of the Georgia marriage record, and not the son of Elisha.  In this case, Enos' (son of Elisha) wife was probably not Susan.  

The 1870 Colquitt County, Georgia Census, lists this Enos Holland who was born in North Carolina and married to Celia (Cielia appears to be a mis-spelling by the census taker):  
......Holland, Enos  77 Farmer NC [making his year of birth about 1793]
..................Cielia 72  GA [ making her year of birth about 1798; wife] 
..................Jack 10  Male GA [making his year of birth about 1860; possible grandchild ]
..................Candis 1 Male GA [making his year of birth about 1869; possible grandchild ]

Perhaps this is the Enos who was son of Elisha, and he has now moved to Georgia with his wife; he is roughly of the right age.  Or, this is the Enos of the Georgia marriage record who has a new wife.  A Celia Algood filled out and filed a Claim of Widow for Pension on Enos Holland's service record in the War of 1812 (see image file in the Public Records section of this web site).  

In 1840 there was an Enos Holland in Orange County, North Carolina.  It was probably our Eson, the son of Elisha and Patience; we know his son Eson B. Holland got married there in April 1840.  In 1850 there was an Enos Holland in Nansemond County, Virginia, probably a third, and unrelated, Enos Holland.   In 1870 there is an Enos Holland with wife Cielia (Celia) in Colquitt County, Georgia.  This is our Enos, the son of Elisha and Patience, now living in Georgia. We know this because of she applied for Widow Pension based on his service in the War of 1812. 

It is interesting that if there were two Enos Hollands at this time (not counting the one in Nansemond County, Virginia), one in North Carolina and one in Georgia, nowhere do they overlap.  

1810 Enos Holland married Patsy Mitchell in North Carolina
1813 Elisha, Enos, and Eli Holland on tax records in Johnston County, North Carolina
1816 Eli went to Jefferson County, Georgia (Jan.) and returned to North Carolina (fall) 
1816 Eli married Edith Hood in Wake County, North Carolina (Dec. 25)
1820 Enos Holland and Susan Brown marriage record in Jefferson County, Georgia 
1822 Enos Holland was bondsman for Elisha Holland's marriage in Johnston County, North Carolina
1830 Enos and Eli on census of Johnston County, North Carolina 
1840 Enos Holland on census in Orange County, North Carolina 
1850 Enos and Eli on census of Thomas County, Georgia (ages 59 and 58) 
1860 Enos and Eli on census of Colquitt (formerly Thomas) County, Georgia 
1870 Enos on census of Colquitt County, Georgia with wife Celia  
1871 Enos applied for War of 1812 pension, aged 80, living in Colquitt County, GA married to Patsy Mitchell
1875 Enos died in Colquitt County, GA per Celia Algood Holland's widow pension claim
1878 Celia Algood Holland applied for widow pension based on Enos Holland's service

The dates that don't compute occur in the last decade:
The 1870 census in Colquitt County shows Enos Holland living with his wife Celia.
In 1871 Enos made Declaration of Soldier for Pension stating he is married, his wife's name was Patsy Mitchell, married 28 February 1810 in North Carolina. 
In 1878 Enos' wife, the former Celia Algood, applied for widow pension and stated she and Enos were married 3 July 1866.  The only way I can make these dates work is to say that in the 1871 Declaration of Soldier for pension, Enos was saying that he is married now and that he was married to Patsy Mitchell at the time of his service.  These documents and their transcriptions can be viewed in the Public Records, Military Section of this web site.
Children of Enos Holland and Patsy Mitchell:

1.  Eson B. Holland was born about 1818. He married Elizabeth Hicks on 8 April 1840 in Orange County, North Carolina.  She was born in North Carolina about 1824. It is likely that Eson was the bondsman listed as Eason Holland on the Johnston County, North Carolina, marriage certificate for Charles Holland and Tempy Holland on 7 January 1847.  I do not know who Charles and Tempy Holland are, but know that Eson and Elizabeth were in North Carolina until around 1850, at about which time they moved to Georgia, based on the birth places of their children.  Eson would have been about 26 years old at the time of the marriage certificate. 

Eson signed and witnessed his step-mother Celia Algood's claim of widow pension, in Mitchell County, Georgia, on 5 September 1871.  The document states that Eson B. Holland was 61 years old, and a resident of Colquitt County, Georgia.  It also states that his father Enos Holland died in Colquitt County on 25 April 1875.  This document and a transcription of it are in the Public Records, Military Section of this web site. 
Children of Eson Holland and Elizabeth Hicks:

Click to expand children || Collapse

2.  Bright Holland is a possible son of Enos or Eli Holland but no proof or hard evidence has been found to substantiate the relationship.  They lived in the same area and the ages fit, but it is not a certainty that he is in this family.  The Colquitt County Courthouse burned in 1881 (see Georgia Courthouse disasters in Public Records section).  This does not mean that all records were lost; often people took their documents in again for re-recording after a courthouse disaster, but in either case, no records are there today to offer proof about Bright Holland's parentage.147  
Details about Bright Holland:

Click to expand Bright Holland details || Collapse

3. Benjamin Holland was born about 1821 in Fair Bluff, Columbus County, North Carolina.  He married Phoebe (last name unknown) in North Carolina around 1844.  Phoebe was born in North Carolina around 1824. They moved to Georgia where they appear on the 1850 and 1860 censuses.  In 1850 they were living in the 85th District of Union County, Georgia.  Benjamin Holland was 30, Phebe was 26, Walter 5, Anthony 3, and Bright was 1.  In 1860 they were living in Rabun County, in the Tallulah District, Clayton Post Office. Benji Holland was 39, Phoebe 36, Walter M. was 14, Anthony B. 12, Bright B. 9,  Richard J. 7, William C. 6, and Sarah 6 months.  Their occupation was listed as farmer.167 
Children of Benjamin Holland and Phoebe:

Click to expand children of Benjamin Holland and Phoebe || Collapse

4.  Alvin Holland was born about 1824 in Fair Bluff, Columbus County, North Carolina.  He died 12 March 1883 in Paint Rock, Jackson County, Alabama at age 59.  His family information is displayed in a separate section. 

5.  Eli Holland, previously listed here, has been moved to Jesse's branch due to weightier evidence in that direction. 

If anyone can add any information on the family of Enos Holland, it would be a welcome advance to this line of the Jimmie Holland Family. 

Elisha Holland's children with wife Patience Watkins:  Elisha Holland's children with wife Patience Peacock:  Enos Holland's children (this page)
1.  Enos Holland (this page)
2.  Eli Holland
3.  Woodard D. Holland
4.  Jesse Holland
5.  Bryant Holland
6.  Curtis Holland
7.  Absalom Holland
8.  Elisha Holland
9.  Warren Holland
10.  Ave (Nancy) Holland
11.  Exum Holland
12.  Jinnett Holland
13.  Ginsey Holland
14.  West Holland
15.  Green Holland
16.  Candace Holland
17.  Needham Gray Holland
1.  Eson (Eason) Holland
2.  Bright Holland
3.  Benjamin Holland
4.  Alvin Holland

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About this History

My father's people came from Wayne County, North Carolina.  Although I live in Alabama now, I inherited his love of our heritage.  So it is with love for him and admiration for his strong desire to preserve our history that I dedicate my part in compiling and maintaining this Holland Family History and Tree to my father,

Louis Lea Holland
17 February 1917 -  8 January 1976

There are errors in this work; some dates could not logically work.  If you see a mistake or can add to the information here, please contact me.  The information is from family historians Nellie Holland Russell and Mary Ketus Deen Holland, information of which I have personal knowledge or have gathered from family members, and contributions sent to me through this web site.  Though imperfect, it is a good start.  Enjoy and please let me know if you have questions or corrections.  This work will be updated on a regular basis so check the revision date below to see when additions or changes were last made.


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Holland Family History in America
Published 10 June 1996 ~ Last updated 04 February 2013 07:38 AM  

      Contact Diana Holland Faust    Corrections and additions not only welcome but encouraged.  

      This web site published 10 July 1996.  All contents copyrighted © worldwide 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014 Diana Holland Faust. US Copyright registration no. TX 5-037-197.  All rights reserved.  Commercial use or any other use of this information is strictly prohibited without prior permission.  If used with permission, this copyright notice must appear with the information.  Publication to any medium, electronic or non-electronic, without consent and without this notice is in violation of the law